Research + briefings

ANALYSIS: Nationality and NRM decision-making

New analysis by After Exploitation finds that the UK’s modern slavery framework rejects nearly five times more trafficking claims from non-European Union nationals than it does Brits. Our briefing examines the statistics, and explores the challenges facing ‘rejected’ survivors during the pandemic.

This month, a widely-reported data release by Government revealed that a staggering 10,627 potential victims of human trafficking were identified by ‘first responders’ last year. In a 12-month period, the number of human trafficking referrals doubled.

Once referred, recognition of trafficking through the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) is vital to most survivors, as it is the only route to accessing basic support such as safe housing, medical attention and, in some cases, an allowance.

After Exploitation’s analysis of the Home Office’s most recent data release shows that potential victims belonging to certain nationalities are much less likely to be recognised as survivors, and will therefore face specific challenges in accessing support. During the pandemic, these barriers could pose a serious threat to rejected victims.

Analysis: NRM Statistics (2020) Download

DATA: Voluntary returns

New data released by After Exploitation on 22 August, shows that more than half (53%) of potential trafficking victims of trafficking “voluntarily” leaving the UK did so after being detained.

ECPAT, BID (Bail for Immigration Detainees) and Women for Refugee Women comment, in our short briefing, on the potential risks to trafficking victims reflected in these figures and their caseworkers’ experiences. The itentional or inadvertent role of detention in deterring potential trafficking victims from continuing claims for support is of serious concern. The press release and data is available below:

Report: Supported or Deported?

Supported or Deported?, uses Home Office data obtained via FOIs to understand the frequency with which trafficking and potential trafficking victims are detained or removed (voluntary and enforcedly) from the UK.